Today this city is Poland's leading tourist attraction…with plenty of top-notch sights. And the city's legendary mermaid welcomes friends while keeping out foes. Everything here around us is made of salt — even the chandelier is salt crystal. Join Rick as he explores the most surprising and fascinating land he's ever visited - Iran. Rick Steves’ Europe Seasons . As with the rest of Poland, the real tragedies came with the Nazis and World War II. Rick Steves' Europe. Video: Watch Prague, an episode of the Rick Steves' Europe TV show. Nineteenth-century houses — the few that survive — often sport colorful stripes. Several sights in Warsaw commemorate those who were murdered, and those who fought back. Rick: Yeah. The mine’s enormous underground church, carved in the early 20th century, is still used for Mass. As the smoke cleared and the Nazis retreated, the Red Army marched in and claimed the pile of rubble that was once Warsaw. Rick Steves' Europe Greek Islands: Santorini, Mykonos and Rhodes. A quarter of a million Poles were killed. Rate. And Warsaw, decades after it was systematically destroyed during World War II, is a lively, thriving capital once again. Because of the ferocity of Nazi hatred, nothing remains of the ghetto except the street plan and the heroic spirit of the people who once lived here. Today, as you explore, it's hard to imagine that by 1945 nearly two-thirds of the city's prewar population was dead, and not a building was standing in Warsaw's "Old" Town. A visit to Germany's Black Forest and Cologne includes stops at a mineral spa and a casino. On a balmy summer night, Kazimierz's main square, ulica Szeroka, is filled with the haunting strains of klezmer — traditional Jewish music from 19th-century Poland, generally with violin, string bass, clarinet, and accordion. American travel authority Rick Steves guides viewers through his favorite European cities. Since liberation day in 1945, millions have visited this place. Barcelona and Catalunya. Episode 312: Lisbon and the Algarve. Art Complete Video Script. $1.99. It was a "gift" from Stalin in the 1950s that the people of Warsaw couldn't refuse. Rick Steves' Europe. 1. I mean it's just like…wow! My Account. About a year later, the rest of the city staged another ill-fated uprising: the Warsaw Uprising. Season 10 of Rick Steves' Europe debuted across the US on public television in the fall of 2018. Though the sight is a bit overrated, it's unique and practically obligatory if you're in Kraków for at least two days. My Account . Kraków emerged from World War II virtually unscathed — it slumbered under communism until Poland won its freedom in 1989. He granted them special banking and trading privileges, and established the long-standing tradition of Poland being a safe haven for Jews in Europe. Kraków, Poland. I can't imagine how cold they must have been…wet, hungry, and dressed in rags. Take me as example, I'm 65 years old and I'm still fresh, still young. A monument to Fryderyk Chopin, Poland's great Romantic composer, graces the park's rose garden. Post questions and answers about travel in Poland. After dinner, we'll take a nighttime stroll, lacing together the city's piazzas and fountains. Rick Steves' Europe. After the Tartars destroyed their city, Krakovians built this imposing wall. Over a million people — the vast majority of them Jews — were systematically exterminated here at Auschwitz. This post is part of a series of 10 European Discoveries for 2019 — off-the-beaten-path gems where you can escape the tourist rut and find a corner of Europe all your own. See the Travel Details above for recommendations highlighted in bold, excerpted from Rick's guidebooks. If you're going to remember one Polish king, remember Kazimierz the Great, who ruled Poland from Kraków in the 14th century. YEAR PRODUCED 2003. 9. Season 3 Episode 13. For centuries, generations of Wieliczka miners spent their daylight hours underground, rarely seeing the sun. The gas chambers — where the mass killing was done — were disguised as showers. Are you ready? Poland Rediscovered: Krakow, Auschwitz and Warsaw . Seeing the camp can be difficult. It was essential to survive this harsh climate. 10. Posted by apyfiz19 (India) on 03/22/17 04:57 PM. Be sure to mention the name of the episode so that others can follow along and join the conversation. Proud miners carved figures of great Poles out of the salt. In the 14th century, when other nations were deporting Jews, King Kazimierz actively welcomed them. Rick: It hurt only once, that's for sure. Headstones — broken under tank treads — now create a moving mosaic wall and Holocaust monument. Season 10 Episode 1006 | 25m 2s | Video has closed captioning. Skilled klezmer musicians can make their instruments weep or laugh like human voices. Kaisa: Do you know how to drink vodka? And during Communism it was also very difficult and very dark, but we expressed our freedom and our political dissent by going to Mass. It's bottoms up! With its bubbly Baroque and cobbled charm, exciting Kraków is emerging as the "next Prague" — a vibrant city that's a surprise hit with many first-time visitors. The castle long served as a royal palace. During the partition in the 19th century, we didn't even show on the map but we survived — thanks to being Polish, and thanks to being Catholics. To me, the thriving city itself is the best memorial to those Warsaw heroes. The fragile remains of the community, historic exhibits, and its synagogues provide a meditative look at how the town was walled in, and its residents eventually shipped off to nearby concentration camps. Hopefully they take away a determination to learn from the holocaust, and never let it be repeated. Rate. After centuries of living relatively peacefully in Poland, Warsaw's Jews suffered terribly at the hands of the Nazis. Stream Poland - Travel with Rick Steves by Travel with Rick Steves from desktop or your mobile device Warsaw's huge, idyllic Łazienki Park is sprinkled with Neoclassical buildings, peacocks, and young Poles in love. Contact Info. At Birkenau the Nazis gassed and cremated over 4,000 people per day. Episode 313: Sevilla. Why don't you sip it? Rate. Sevilla. Breakfast was included and it was the most extensive, delicious food we ever had at a hotel. Today, while note quite as slick and polished as Prague's Jewish Quarter, Kazimierz's assortment of synagogues, cemeteries, and museums helps visitors appreciate the neighborhood's rich history. When the tour’s over a small but industrial-strength lift beams you up. After a three-hour train ride from Kraków, we arrive in Warsaw. Wawel Hill is sacred ground to the Polish people — a symbol of Polish royalty and independence. Locals tore down most of it, filled in the moat, and planted trees. Downtown has a Gotham City ambience — with busy boulevards, expansive squares, and blocky buildings. Because the Nazis leveled the ghetto, there is literally nothing left except the street plan, some monuments, and the heroic spirit of its former residents. Rick Steves’ Europe is public television’s most-watched, longest-running travel series. Nearby, a visit to Auschwitz teaches a timeless, soul-searching lesson. keywords Few travelers take time to see the countryside. He was a great warrior, diplomat, patron of the arts, and womanizer. Rate. Deep beneath the ground, the mine is filled with sculptures that miners have lovingly carved out of the salt. Several restaurants offer Jewish music from 19th-century Poland with their traditional cuisine. Rate. Only 1 left in stock - order soon. A church has stood on this spot for 800 years. I'm Rick Steves. 2019 Discovery: Gdańsk, Poland. Warsaw — pronounced "var-SHA-va" in Polish— is Poland's capital and biggest city. Hunger and Hope: Lessons from Ethiopia and Guatemala. We'll visit its historic capital, Kraków, side trip to a salt mine, and to a concentration camp, then head for Poland's modern capital, Warsaw. Kasia: Let's go to a very special place. Kaisa: And please don't sip it. Sigismund III — the great king who moved Poland's capital from Kraków to Warsaw in 1596 — stands overseeing everything. For coronavirus (COVID-19) travel information, Kaisa: Yes, it's a traditional Polish drink, and actually it makes a lot of sense. 13. This season also offers a travel skills episode on cruising, and two special episodes on Europe's greatest festivals. You'll explore this unique gallery — learning both about the art and about medieval mining techniques — on a required tour. A Nazi doctor stood here and evaluated each prisoner as they stepped off the train. Today, this delightful and people-friendly green belt — a park called the Planty — circles Kraków's Old Town. But with ambience like this, it's clear the Jewish heritage here is a rich one. Guide: The total number of chapels in this mine is over 20. We don't sip vodka. ©2021 Rick Steves' Europe, Inc. | Kasia: Imagine, Poland was crunched between Protestant Germany and Orthodox Russia. In the old days, when the winters were long and very cold, we needed it. Rick: So, vodka has long been part of Polish culture? By the 19th century, the city wall was no longer necessary. This is a country where the most expensive café on the most expensive perch serves drinks for a fraction of what you'd expect. Back in Kraków, cap your day in one of the town's many jazz clubs. People were told they'd be starting new lives and to bring luggage — clearly labeled with their names. 0. Everything here around us is made of salt — even the chandelier is salt crystal. If you think you're good at chess, challenge one of these guys. Kazimierz the Great turned the Cloth Hall into a permanent structure in the 14th century. Paperback $37.30 $ 37. Rick: Oh my! keywords Art Industrialization Poland. With Rick Steves, Andreas Clemens, Georg Reichlmayr, Holger Zimmer. All the full length Rick Steves Europe PBS Episodes that I could find. While the 1944 Warsaw Uprising is a recurring theme in virtually all Warsaw sightseeing, two sights in particular are worth a visit for anyone with a special interest: The Warsaw Uprising Monument (at plac Krasinskich) and the thorough, modern Warsaw Uprising Museum (inconveniently located a 10-minute tram ride west of the central train station — but well worth the trip for history buffs). The cathedral interior is slathered in Baroque memorials and tombs, decorated with tapestries, and soaked in Polish history. We spent two weeks in Poland last summer and enjoyed it immensely. Oct 1, 2004. Eyeglasses evoke how individuality was trashed. Stay tuned for lots of Rick Steves’ Europe this fall — including episodes on Portugal (Lisbon and the country’s heartland), the heart of England, Greek islands, Sicily (Best of Sicily and Sicilian Delights), Scotland (Glasgow, Highlands, and islands), cruising travel skills, and two special episodes on Europe’s greatest festivals. A castle has stood here since the 11th century. Ultimately less then 10 percent of Kraków's Jews survived the war and the death camps. The original church was destroyed by the first Tatar invasion in 1241, but all subsequent versions — including the current one — have been built on the same foundation. Rick: I'm ready. The remarkable Wieliczka Salt Mine — just outside of Kraków — has been producing salt for eight centuries. This is the oldest chapel in this part of the salt mine, Saint Anthony chapel from 17th century. It's Wawel, and Poland actually begins in Wawel. 30. Everything here, including the ornate altar and the grand chandelier, is hewn from this underworld of salt. Hi, I'm Rick Steves, back with more of the Best of Europe. Resilient Krakovians took this opportunity to rebuild their city with a near-perfect grid plan — a striking contrast to the narrow, mazelike lanes of most medieval towns. Respectful tourists are welcome. see our FAQ. Up to a thousand were packed into each of these buildings. Poland is ready to be rediscovered as the old "east" transforms itself into the new heart of Europe. And nestled in the center of all this utilitarian concrete are plenty of urban charms. Crowds got you down? Twelve new episodes include Portugal (Lisbon and the country's heartland), the heart of England, Greek islands, Sicily, and Scotland (Glasgow, Highlands, and islands). Rate. The Old Town's many restaurants provide a good introduction to Polish cuisine…and central to that is vodka. ...and experience the phoenix of Europe — Warsaw. Thanks for joining us. In the teeming metropolis of Cairo, Rick climbs to the center of a pyramid, greets the ... Air Date 9/23/2020. Proud miners carved figures of great Poles out of the salt. Vodka, after it's chilled properly, pours thickly into the glass. Compared to the rest of Europe, Polish churches are alive with people practicing their faith. They crammed Warsaw's Jews into a single neighborhood and surrounded it with a wall. Some come to worship and others to remember leading figures in Polish history, such as Kazimierz the Great. Rick Steves' Europe is public television's most-watched, longest-running travel series. If he pointed to the left, the person was judged strong enough to work and would live a little longer. But the most powerful Holocaust memorial — I think in all of Europe — is the concentration camp here at Auschwitz, an hour's drive from Kraków. When the tour's over a small but industrial-strength lift beams you up. But Poland's been particularly hard hit through the ages. The mine's enormous underground church, carved in the early 20th century, is still used for Mass. We are planning to have 2 nights at Krakow and 1 day trip to Auschwitz. The small houses are traditionally used by three generations at the same time. To get away from the tourists' Kraków, bike or hike around the Planty and up the park that lines the Vistula River. As more Jewish people were moved in from the countryside, Warsaw's ghetto was soon the miserable home of well over a million people. 75% of its nearly 40 million people are practicing Catholics. Poland's two must-see cities are Warsaw and Kraków. Read more. With the expectation of help from Soviet tanks which were gathering just across the river, it seemed like the right time to attack. Today it’s busy not with miners, but with tourists. However, the top-notch Museum of the History of Polish Jews has rejuvenated the area, making it even more of a magnet for those interested in this chapter of Polish history. Collapse. Episode 311: Budapest: The Best of Hungary. Up to 700 people at a time could be gassed, but it required two days to burn that many bodies here. Poland. Driving through the countryside back to Kraków refreshes travelers with a look at today's peaceful rural Poland. Even though Poland's political capital moved from here to Warsaw 400 years ago, Kraków remains the country's cultural and intellectual center. And salt preserves everything. You’ll see legends from the days of King Kazimierz, when one-third of Poland’s income came from these precious deposits: the famous astronomer Copernicus, and even the region’s favorite son, Pope John Paul II. Charm is how I would describe it 19th century, when the tour 's over million. Travel series with other travelers and with Rick on this spot for 800 years eight... 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